An evaluation of production and labor was undertaken by New York State in 1850.
The old document is handwritten and is a little difficult to read. See the article on "Reading Old Handwritting" on the Historian's page.
This 1840 survey of Hermon's businesses indicates that there were:
27 men were employed and 1 woman. The average male wage was $22.00 weekly.
Water power was critical to many industries in 1850. When compared to the carding factory, the saw and the grist mills, the potash manufacturing was the most profitable and required a low initial investment. One potash producer had an annual product worth over $9000.